KARABAGH: figures, facts, events and places.
PEOPLE'S GOVERNMENT OF KARABAGH: Elected by the 1st Congress of the Armenians of Karabagh as the executive body of the region. The Congress was held on July 22-26, 1918 in Shushi with the participation of 180 delegates. The Government had five administrators in the following areas: foreign and internal affairs (Yeghishe Ishkhanian), military affairs (Harutiun Toumanian), communications (Martiros Aivazian), finances (Movses Ter-Astvatsatrian), agronomy and justice
POLITICAL - ADMINISTRATIVE FORMATION OF NAGORNO KARABAGH
(1918-1920): During this period Nagorno Karabagh existed as a sovereign,
self-governed state formation. The mousavatists were not able to subdue Karabagh,
the citadel of the Armenians in East Transcaucasus (Azerbaijan) even with
the help of Turkish troops. Turkey failed to meet its goal of extinguishing
the Armenian people of Azerbaijan as one of the main ethnic elements of East
Transcaucasus. However, as the result of the Turkish intervention the ethnic-political
disagreement between the Caucasus Tatars and Armenians in relation with the
whole of Azerbaijan was incorporated with the international-political processes
as the "Karabagh problem".
POLITICAL, LEGAL AND ETHICAL CONDITIONS FOR RESOLVING THE PROBLEM:
a) Republic of Azerbaijan should admit that there is no relation between AzR and the Armenian territories passed to the former AzSSR
b) Baku officials should publicly apologize for the barbaric actions against the Armenian people of Azerbaijan
c) Political rights of the Armenians of Azerbaijan should be restored and the security for their return to Azerbaijan, their homeland should be ensured.
PRINCIPLE OF TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY cannot be applied to AzR in light of the applicable international agreements and covenants on the territories on which AzR lays claim.
PROBLEM: In the course of dissolution of the Soviet Union four states, i.e., Republic of Armenia, Georgia, Republic of Azerbaijan (AzR) and Republic of Nagorno Karabagh (RMK) declared about their independence in 1991. Considering these events in the light of the political-legal realities of the USSR as a state in dissolution, the West acknowledged the new states in the post-Soviet area as the political-legal successors within the borders of the former Soviet republics. Therefore, the Republic of Azerbaijan, but not, RMK, was recognized as an independent state. However, the underlying legal grounds prove that following such principle, i.e., the acknowledgement of the new states within the borders of the former Soviet republics, the Republic of Azerbaijan should not be recognized as a sovereign state because:
a) in the context the political and legal realities of Soviet Union the issue of the ethnic and historical Armenian territories of the former AzSSR was not its internal affair,
b) during the period from September till December, 1991, in the course of dissolution of the USSR, before the acknowledgement of the AzR by the international community, it was established in the territories which no longer belonged to AzR de jure.
PARTAVA ( BARDI ) REGION was formed in 1930. It covers
an area of 957 km2. The region includes the right bank plain lands of the
River Kura, the lower reaches of the Khachen and Tertu rivers. Partav borders
on Yevlakh, Tartar, Aghdam, Aghjabedi and Zardob regions.
In the medieval times the territory of the region constituted part of the historical Uti-Arandznak Province. It was often called Partava by the name of the main town of the province. Until the 19th century Bardabasen was the most common name applied to Partava.
POLITICAL - ADMINISTRATIVE FORMATION OF NAGORNO KARABAGH (1918-1920): During this period Nagorno Karabagh existed as a sovereign, self-governed state formation. The Mousavatists were not able to subdue Karabagh, the citadel of the Armenians in East Transcaucasus (Azerbaijan) even with the help of Turkish troops. Turkey failed to meet its goal of extinguishing the Armenian people of Azerbaijan as one of the main ethnic elements of East Transcaucasus. However, as the result of the Turkish intervention the ethnic-political disagreement between the Caucasus Tatars and Armenians in relation with the whole of Azerbaijan was incorporated with the international-political processes as the "Karabagh problem".
PARSEGHOV MICHAEL ARTEMI (1899-1964) Born in 1899 in Mashadishen (Kolkhozashen) of Martuni region, Nagorno Karabagh. A Colonel General, Hero of the Soviet Union. Participated in World War I, Caucasus front, Finnish War, Great Patriotic War. Awarded with Gold Star, three Lenin Orders, four Red Banner Orders, Souvorov Order of the 2nd degree.
PETROSYAN ARPO (ARPENIK) AVETIS (1908 ) - A doctor of philology, professor. Born in 1908 in Shushi. In 1936 graduated from Moscow Institute of Journalism. During 1951-1970 worked in the Institute of World Literature after Gorki. From 1970 Petrosyan was editor-in-chief of the academic publication "Epics of the Nations of the USSR". Petrosyan is awarded with an October Revolution Order.
PETROSYAN SOUREN GRIGORI (1916 - ) Born in Rev village of Askeran
region (Nagorno Karabagh). A Hero of the Soviet Union. From the very first
days of the great Patriotic War participated in various battles. Petrosyan
was the commander of the 3rd battalion of the 5th guards landing brigade,
participated in the forced crossing of the River Dnepr. Awarded with Red Star
and Lenin Orders and other medals.
PIRUMYAN (PIRUMOV) DANIEL-BEK ABISOGHOM (1861-1921) Born in 1861 in Nakhichevanik village (Askeran region, Nagorno Karabagh). A military, colonel of the Tsarist army. During World War I fought in the Caucasus front. Pirumyan was the commander of a regiment in West Armenia. Participated in Sardarapat Battle. After the establishment of the Soviet power in Armenia Pirumov was arrested and executed.
PIRUMYAN (PIRUMOV) POGHOS-BEK (PAVEL) KARAMAN (1864-1922) Born in 1864 in Nakhichevanik village (Askeran region, Nagorno Karabagh). A military, colonel of the Tsarist army. At Sardarapat Battle was the commander of the 5th Karabagh Regiment which played a crucial role in defeating the Turkish troops.
PIRUMOV (PIRUMYAN) VLADIMIR SEMYON (1926 - ) Born in 1926 in Kirovakan to a family from Artsakh. A rear admiral of the Soviet Navy. Began his military career in 1941. Pirumov held various lead positions in the Baltic Fleet. During 1966-74 worked in the Navy Academy after Grechko as a head of a department. From 1974 Pirumov worked in the Navy headquarters. Pirumov is the author of a number of works on military issues. Awarded with the Red Star Order.
PIRUMOV (PIRUMYAN) CHRISTOPHOR NIKOLAY (1895 ) - A doctor, professor. Born in 1895 in Nakhichevanik village (Askeran region, Nagorno Karabagh). Graduated from medical department of Kiev University. Pirumov was the director of Yerevan Institute of Tropical Diseases, the Institute of Malaria and Medical Parasitology. His contribution to the military-medical services cannot be overestimated. Pirumov participated in Sardarapat Battle, as well as the Great Patriotic War. He was awarded with the Orders of Lenin, October Revolution, Great Patriotic War of the 1st and 2nd degrees, Red Star, etc. In addition, he received the titles of the Hero of Labor of Armenia and Honored Worker of Science.
PIRUMOV REMAL NIKOLAY (1925 - ) Born in Baku to a family from Artsakh. A Major General, a doctor of military sciences. In 1950 he graduated from Moscow Highest Technical School after Bauman, as well as the Military Academy after Dzerzhinskie. In 1951 he was drafted to the Soviet Army. In 1976 he received the rank of a Major General, and in 1968 Pirumov defended his Ph.D. thesis. At present he heads the department of military service of Moscow Highest Technical School after Bauman. Awarded with a Red Star Order and an Order "For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces" of the 3rd degree.