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IN ALPHABETIC ORDER
“hematic catalogue

“oponymics
Outstanding people of Karabagh

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KARABAGH: figures, facts, events and places.

BABAJANYAN, HAMAZASP KHACHATUR (1906 - 1977) Born in February, 1906 in Chardakhlu village. Commander-in-chief of armored troops. Started his military career in 1929 as a commander of platoon, head of the operative section. Several successful operations in various fronts were completed by the 20th tank

brigade under the command of Babajanyan. Granted the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union. Awarded with three Lenin Medals, four Red Banner Orders, Souvorov Order of 1st and 2nd rank, Kutuzov Order, Order of the Great Patriotic War, Red Star of the 2nd rank, two Polish orders and medals.

BAGHDASARYAN, SARGIS IVAN (1923) - An Armenian sculpture who was awarded the title of People's Artist of Armenia in 1977. Born in 1923 in village of Banadzor (Hadrut region). In 1952 graduated from Yerevan Institute of Theatre and Arts. In 1976 his works were exhibited in Moscow.

BAGIROV (BAGIRYAN) RUBEN CHRISTOPOR (1908 -1978) Born in 1908 in Shushi. Granted the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union. During the Great Patriotic War was the commander of a company. The first military experience in 1944 was marked with a victory for which Bagirov was awarded with a Red Star Order.

BAGHRAMYAN HOVANNES (IVAN) CHRISTOPOR (1897-1982) Born in 1897 in village Chardakhlu of Yelizavetpol Province (currently Gyanja). Twice awarded with the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union, Marshal of the Soviet Union. Started his military career as a volunteer in the 2nd Caucasus Frontier Regiment of the Russian Expedition Corps. Later participated in the military actions of the Red Army against the Turkish army in Sarighamish and Kars regions. A graduate of the Military Academy after Frunze. Participated in the Great Patriotic War from the very first days through the surrender of Kunigsberg (Kaliningrad). Awarded with six Lenin Orders, an Order of October Revolution, three Red Banner Orders, Orders of Poland, Mongolia.

BAGIAN JAMES PHILLIP (1952) An American cosmonaut of Armenian descent, a physician, engineer, sportsman, pilot. Born in 1952 in Philadelphia to a family from Artsakh. In 1974-1978 participated in numerous air contests. In 1980 was included in the group of American astronauts. In 1989 was member of the crew of "Discovery" under "Space Shuttle" program.

BAKHSHYAN FOMBERT HAIRAPET (1918-1971)
Born in Chartar village of Martakert Region (Nagorno Karabagh). In 1938 graduated from the Mechanics and Mathematics Department of Moscow University. Bakhshyan participated in the Great Patriotic War. During 1952-1972 was the head of the Mathematics Department of the All-Union Open Polytechnic Institute. In 1952 he received the degree of a doctor of Physics and Mathematics. The research work of Bakhshyan was in the area of plastic-elastic deformation of continuous medium.

BEIBUTOV LYUFTALI BEK:
Prominent public figure with a background of an engineer. In 1910 lived in the Armenian part of Shushi town. Supported the idea of the conflict-free and friendly co-existence of the Tatar and Armenian people. One of the plenipotentiary representatives of the Transcaucasus Public Committee in Karabagh. In 1917 was elected as chairman of the Karabagh Committee on Self-Governance. Member of the joint delegation to Aghdam on September 12, 1918 with respect of the ultimatum of a Turkish commander on relinquishment and obedience to Azerbaijan. Beibutov was arrested and killed in Aghdam during those days.

BORYAN GURGEN MICHAEL (1915-1971) - Member of Writers' Union and honored worker of art of the Armenian SSR. Born in Shushi. Graduated from Moscow Institute of Literature after Gorki. Boryan was the editor of "Literaturnaya Gazeta" (Literary Newspaper) from 1938 to 1941 and the editor of "Grakan Hayastan" (Literary Armenia) during the period from 1958 to 1968. Later, Boryan occupied the position of the first deputy minister of culture of the Armenian SSR (1968-1971). Boryan was member of the Writers' Union of the USSR since 1936, and was awarded the title of the honored worker of art, as well as the USSR State Prize in 1971.

BAILAKAN REGION: After the establishment of the Azerbaijani Soviet Republic, Zhdanov administrative region was created in 1939 which covered an area of 1131 km2 in the southeast of Artsakh of historical Armenia.
It borders on Aghjabedi, Fizuli, Imishli regions of Azerbaijan and Iran along the River Arax. The authentic inhabitants, the Armenians, do not live in the territory of Bailakan region since the late mediaeval ages with an exclusively plain relief. Following the example of the Armenians inhabiting in other areas between the rivers Kura and Arax, the entire population of this region fled to the highlands of Artsakh and settled there.

BORDERS OF SOVIET AZERBAIJAN were established in 1921, in the streamline of the Bolshevik plans on exporting the revolution to the Moslem countries of the East, basing on the multilateral inter-state agreements and covenants and the understanding that the issue of the annexed Armenian territories was the internal affair of AzSSR.

BAKU ARMENIAN PHILANTHROPIC ASSOCIATION IN THE NAME OF ST. GRIGOR THE ENLIGHTENER OF ARMENIA: The Association was established in May, 1864 in Baku upon the initiative of D. Rostomian, a doctor, S. Zohrapian, a civil servant in assistance with the local well-known and wealthy Armenians. It was the first philanthropic organization in Transcaucasus. The objective of the Association was to propagate education and literacy. However, its performance encompassed a wider range of activities, including the spheres of education, culture and medicine. The Association performed at the expense of the donations and to some extent, the membership fees. In 1870 the Association had its publishing house and library. Its representatives participated in the administration of the town and were members of the Town Council. Later the Migration and Women's Committees were created. The Association had its branch in Shemakh town. In 1899 the number of the members of the Association reached 500. Major assistance was provided to those who suffered from World War I, refugees and orphans, as well as the victims of the massacre in Baku in 1918. In September, 1918 the property of the Association was plundered by Turkish Tatars and Turkish Askers who occupied Baku. The Association ceased its activity after the establishment of the Soviet power in Azerbaijan in 1920.

BUREAU FOR MEASUREMENT OF LOSSES OF THE ARMENIANS IN WORLD WAR I: The Bureau was established at the end of 1918 in Tiflis by the Council of Countrymen associations which was chaired by Hovhannes Toumanian, a famous Armenian poet. The Bureau was structured as follows:
1. Public-Historical Department which was involved in the study and documentation of the history of the Armenian issue. The department was headed by the famous historian Leo (Arakel Babakhanian),
2. Criminal-Investigation Department, headed by T. Hovhannisian, a lawyer,
3. Economic Department, headed by A. Atanesian, an agronomist,
4. Military-Historical Department, headed by A. Kulebiakin, Major General of the Russian Army. According to rough estimations, the material losses of the Armenian population of Transcaucasus in World War I were 8 bln rubles (estimations are based on the rates as of 1919). The Bureau ceased its performance in the middle of 1919 due to the insufficiency of resources.

BORDERS OF SOVIET AZERBAIJAN were established in 1921, in the streamline of the Bolshevik plans on exporting the revolution to the Moslem countries of the East, basing on the multilateral inter-state agreements and covenants and the understanding that the issue of the annexed Armenian territories was the internal affair of AzSSR.

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