AVAKYAN HRANT ARSEN (1924 - ): Born in 1924 to a family from Shushi. A Hero of the Soviet Union. Began his military career as early as in 1942. Participated in the defense of Caucasus and ended the war in Germany. Avakyan was awarded the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union for the courageous behavior in the battle for Berlin. Awarded with the Gold Star of Hero, three Lenin Orders and various medals.
AVAN YUZBASHI (1670-1735): Born in 1670 in Shosh village (Askeran region, Nagorno Karabagh). Yuzbashi was the commander of the armed forces of the five melikdoms of Artsakh in 1724-1728. In assistance with Russia, fought for the liberation of Armenia. Participated in the Caspian military campaign, and as recognition of his outstanding service he received the title of Major General and the ownership title of Kizral (North Caucasus) together with the nine neighboring villages from Empress Anna. The Smbatyan and Melikyan dynasties originate from the family of Yuzbashi.
AVANESOV RUBEN IVAN (1902-1982)- a Doctor of Philology, Professor, Associate Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, a State Prize laureate, Vice-President of the International Institute of Phonetics. Avanesov was born in 1902 in Shushi town. In 1925 he graduated from Moscow State University and was recruited to work in the Department of the Russian Language of the same university. In 1944 he headed one of the departments of the Institute of the Russian Language of the USSR Academy of Science. The research work of Avanesov relate to Russian lexicology, phonetics, historical grammar, orthography.
AVETIKYAN HAMIK GRIGOR (1915 - 1988): Born in 1915 in Shushi. Participated in the Great Patriotic War, and continued his service in the army till 1951. Avetikyan held a number of lead positions in Taman Division. In 1954 was appointed deputy minister of the interior of Armenian SSR. Avetikyan was elected member of the Supreme Council of the Armenian SSR. For outstanding service Avetikyan was awarded with Red Star Order, Order of the Great Patriotic War of the 1st and 2 degrees, various medals.
AVTANDILYAN ARSEN MARKOS (1910- ): Born in 1910 in Baku, to a family
from Artsakh. Finished the Tashkent Military School of Middle Asian District.
Avtandilyan was appointed commander of the section of the 19th Cavalry Regiment
School, and later director of the same school. Participated in the Great Patriotic
War, in particular, the defense of Moscow, in North Caucasus. As a guards
colonel, Avtandilyan was awarded with Lenin Order, three Red Banner Orders,
Red Star Order, the Order of the Great Patriotic War of the 1st degree and
other medals. After the war Avtandilyan held several lead positions in the
army and headed major military units.
AVTANDILYAN TEMIK HOVHANNES (1923 - 1945): Born in 1923 in Martakert village (Martakert region, Nagorno Karabagh). A Hero of the Soviet Union. Started his military career in 1942 when he volunteered to the army to defend his homeland. Died during the conquest of Klein town. Lieutenant Avtandilyan was awarded with the title of a Hero of the Soviet Union.
AGHAJANYAN STEPAN MELIKSET (1863-1940)- Born in 1863 in Shushi. In 1886-1890 studied in an art studio in Marseille and later in the Julian Academy in Paris. In 1904-1921 worked in Rostov-on-Don, and during 1922-1929 he worked in Yerevan. In 1938 Aghajanyan was awarded with the title of the People's Artist of Armenia, and in 1939 he received a Red Banner Order.
AGHAJANYAN SOUREN IVAN (1905 - 1952): Born in Azokh village (Hadrut region, Nagorno Karabagh). Started his military career in 1939 as a commander of a special engineering brigade. During the Great Patriotic War he fought in the frontier zone of Belorussia. Aghajanyan participated in the defense of Kiev and reached Berlin. Aghajanyan was awarded with Orders of Lenin, Kutuzov and Red Star.
AGHALOVYAN LENSER ABGAR (1940 -)- An academician and Doctor of Physics
and Mathematics. Born in 1940 in Kotalak village (Martakert region, Nagorno
Karabagh). Graduated from the Department of Physics and Mathematics of Yerevan
State University. In 1966 received a Ph.D., worked at the same university
and later joined the institute of Mathematics and mechanics of the Academy
of Sciences of Armenia. In 1980 received the degree of a doctor of physics
and mathematics, and in 1987 became the elected director of the Institute
of Mechanics. Aghalovyan, an academician of the Academy of Sciences of Armenia,
is the author of 55 scientific articles.
AGHAYAN TSATUR PAVEL (1911-1982) - An academician of the Academy of Science of Armenia, Professor, doctor of History. Born in 1911 in Zaglik village of Yelizavetpol District. In 1937 graduated from the Department of History and Philosophy, later he concluded successfully the Yerevan Open Institute of Pedagogy. In 1941 Aghayan received his Ph.D. and worked in the Baku branch of the Institute of History of the Academy of Science of the USSR. From 1948 Aghayan worked at the Institute of History of the Academy of Science of Armenia. During 1961-1968 Aghayan headed the Armenian branch of the Institute of Marxism-Leninism at the CPSU. During 1963-1971 Aghayan was member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Armenia, and from 1971 through 1980 he was member of the Control committee of the CP of Armenia. Aghayan was awarded with a Red Banner Order, a Badge of Honor and various medals.
ADAMOV ARTUR (ADAMYAN HARUTYUN SOUREN) (1908-1970) - A French playwright. Adamov was born in 1908 to a family of oil producer from Shushi. Moved to Europe in 1914, and settled in France in 1924. Was trained in Switzerland, Germany, and France. Adamov was member of the Writers' Committee of France.
ALIKHANOV ABRAHAM ISAAK (1904-1970) - A physicist, academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and Armenia, a Hero of the Socialist Labor. Graduated from the Leningrad Polytechnical Institute in 1929. During 1927-1941 worked in the Institute of Physics and Techniques at the Academy of Science of the USSR, and during 1945- 1968 was the director of the thermal-technical laboratory of the Institute of Theory and Research of the Academy of Science of the USSR. Together with his team, in 1949 Alikhanov created the first nuclear sector with heavy water retarder in the Soviet Union. He became the founder of the school of nuclear physics in the USSR. Alikhanov was a laureate of the State Prizes of the USSR for 1941, 1948, and 1963. Awarded with three Lenin Orders and three Red Banner Orders.
ALIKHANYAN ARTEM ISAAK (1908-1991)- Born in 1908 in Tbilisi to a family from Gandzak. In 1931 Alikhanyan graduated from the Leningrad University. During 1943-1973 he worked as director of Yerevan Institute of Physics. His investigations were in the area of radioactivity and atom nucleus. He discovered the first artificial radioactive element which ejects electrons. Together with Alikhanov, Alikhanyan was the first to mark the existence of new elementary particles in the cosmic rays (1946). Upon his initiative, the Yerevan Electron-Cyclic Accelerator. Alikhanyan was a laureate of the State Prizes of the USSR for 1941 and 1958, the Lenin Prize (1970), and two Red Banner Orders.
ANDRANIK OZANYAN AND KARABAGH: On November 15, 1918 Andranik moved out from Goris with his detachment and defeating the resistance of the armed forces of the Tatars, on November 17 arrived at a place called Tasverst (about 10-15 km from Shushi). Here two officers of the British Army handed over Andranik the wire of General Thomson, the commander of the English occupant authority in Baku. In the wire Thomson suggested stopping the military actions until the resolution of the Karabagh problem at the Peace Conference in Paris. Subsequently, the same message was sent to him in a letter. Andranik returned to Goris. Later he did not ever respond to the appeals and requests of the people from Karabagh to go there and with joint efforts liberate the region from the Turkish yoke.
ARZUMANYAN YERVAND HOVANNES (1909 ) - Born in 1909 in Tahavard village
of Martuni region (Nagorno Karabagh). Graduated from Moscow Academy of Agriculture
after Timiryazev. In 1938 he defended his Ph.D. Later, in 1953 he received
the degree of a doctor. From 1940 Arzumanyan was the director of Moscow Scientific
Research Institute of Cattle Breeding. Participated in the Great Patriotic
War. From 1952 he worked in the Academy after Timiryazev. Arzumanyan is the
author of over 350 scientific works. He received the title of the Honored
Doctor of Gelle University in Hungary, as well as the title of the Honorable
Member of the Association of the Zoo-Technical Institute of Poland. Awarded
with 7 orders (Red Banner, Great Patriotic War of the 1st degree, Red Star,
etc) and 16 medals.
ARZUMANYAN SERGEI ARKADI (1921 - 1970) Born in 1921 in Nerkin Aznek village of Askeran region, Nagorno Karabagh. A Major General. Participated in the Great Patriotic War in the North-West front, fought at the battles for Vitebsk, the defense of Velikie Luki town, Vilish. Served in the Soviet Army till 1949. Arzumanyan was appointed as the minister of the interior of the Armenian SSR.
ATABEKYAN LEVON NIKOLAY (1875-1918) A physician, poet,
member of the Armenian National Council in Baku, a public figure of a Karabagh
descent. During the armed conflicts in Baku in March, 1918 L. Atabekyan propagated
reconciliation and stopping of the bloody conflict in the streets of the town
together his companions Denejkin and Aghayev. Atabekyan and his companions
were killed during that mission.
ATAYAN RAFAEL ARSHAK (1907 ) - A poet, writer, member of the Writers' Union of the USSR. Born in 1907 in New Jugha (Iran). In 1927 graduated from Yerevan State University. During 1925-1928 Atayan worked in "Soviet Armenia" newspaper, and from 1948 till 1957 he taught at Yerevan Pedagogical Institute of the Russian and Foreign Languages.
ĄSHOT GRASHI (ĄSHOT BAGHDASAR GRIGORYAN) (1910-1983) -
A poet, translator, member of the Writers' Union of the USSR, a critic of
literature. Born in 1910 in Mets Tahlar village of Martuni region. In 1933
graduated from the Department of Historiography of Yerevan State University.
During 1933-1946 Grashi worked in Lenin Library and newspaper "Communist"
in Baku. In 1946 Grashi moved to Yerevan. He was awarded with the Red Banner
and Distinction Orders.